Grain Storage & Production

U.S. GRAIN STORAGE

The table below shows the number of off-farm grain storage facilities and the off- and on-farm grain storage capacities. See data below, or download the spreadsheet.

Total Grain Storage
State Number of Off-farm Facilities Off-farm Capacity (Bushels) On-farm Capacity (Bushels)
United States 8,701 10,659,920,000 13,115,000,000
Iowa 900 1,430,000,000 2,000,000,000
Illinois 850 1,460,000,000 1,460,000,000
Kansas 715 1,025,000,000 380,000,000
Minnesota 585 720,000,000 1,500,000,000
Nebraska 481 896,950,000 1,180,000,000
Texas 460 640,000,000 160,000,000
Indiana 380 510,000,000 830,000,000
Ohio 370 425,000,000 540,000,000
Wisconsin 370 340,000,000 375,000,000
North Dakota 340 409,000,000 880,000,000
Missouri 330 245,000,000 520,000,000
Washington 249 222,100,000 80,000,000
South Dakota 236 345,000,000 690,000,000
Oklahoma 224 235,000,000 75,000,000
Michigan 200 215,000,000 290,000,000
North Carolina 165 94,000,000 105,000,000
Montana 156 80,600,000 340,000,000
Kentucky 155 74,000,000 200,000,000
Pennsylvania 153 39,000,000 160,000,000
Arkansas 150 283,000,000 210,000,000
Tennessee 150 63,000,000 85,000,000
Idaho 138 125,000,000 130,000,000
California 127 92,000,000 NA
Colorado 113 125,000,000 170,000,000
Georgia 107 52,000,000 60,000,000
Oregon 80 56,000,000 55,000,000
Virginia 78 35,000,000 55,000,000
Alabama 68 35,500,000 35,000,000
Mississippi 54 64,900,000 115,000,000
Maryland 50 52,000,000 NA
New York 43 37,600,000 125,000,000
Utah 40 17,000,000 NA
South Carolina 35 16,400,000 NA
Louisiana 27 118,000,000 NA
Arizona 22 20,000,000 NA
New Mexico 18 13,500,000 NA
Wyoming 18 10,000,000 NA
New Hampshire 18 5,790,000 NA
Delaware 16 23,000,000 NA
Florida 16 5,100,000 NA
Other States 14 4,480,000 310,000,000

U.S. GRAIN PRODUCTION DATA

The tables below show production relative to the prior 5-year average for barley, corn, oats, sorghum, soybeans and wheat. See data below, or download the full production spreadsheet.

Total Grain Production
State 2014/15
Production
Prior 5-year Average % of 5-year Average   2015/16
Production
Prior 5-year Average % of 5-year Average
US Total 20,889,059,000 18,470,370,400 113.1%
Alabama 80,815,000 57,593,000 140.3%
Alaska 274,000 216,800 126.4%
Arizona 19,372,000 22,406,400 86.5%
Arkansas 301,220,000 254,040,200 118.6%
California 35,525,000 76,986,000 46.1%
Colorado 252,908,000 247,381,000 102.2%
Delaware 50,450,000 37,421,800 134.8%
Florida 7,381,000 6,386,400 115.6%
Georgia 77,593,000 76,487,000 101.4%
Idaho 158,887,000 177,831,600 89.3%
Illinois 2,946,796,000 2,345,435,200 125.6%
Indiana 1,418,400,000 1,136,928,400 124.8%
Iowa 2,877,385,000 2,655,689,400 108.3%
Kansas 1,156,150,000 1,121,543,400 103.1%
Kentucky 346,150,000 264,599,000 130.8%
Louisiana 169,683,000 152,235,400 111.5%
Maine 2,986,000 2,554,600 116.9%
Maryland 119,445,000 89,087,400 134.1%
Michigan 486,851,000 454,179,800 107.2%
Minnesota 1,560,603,000 1,666,427,600 93.6%
Mississippi 224,995,000 208,103,400 108.1%
Missouri 940,218,000 606,439,600 155.0%
Montana 262,734,000 237,496,200 110.6%
Nebraska 1,976,720,000 1,821,118,200 108.5%
Nevada 1,050,000 1,055,000 99.5%
New Jersey 18,260,000 14,487,800 126.0%
New Mexico 14,820,000 15,100,600 98.1%
New York 124,236,000 110,053,200 112.9%
North Carolina 219,024,000 179,304,800 122.2%
North Dakota 906,813,000 797,119,200 113.8%
Ohio 907,607,000 797,232,000 113.8%
Oklahoma 118,265,000 157,847,200 74.9%
Oregon 54,884,000 73,145,400 75.0%
Pennsylvania 205,045,000 168,333,800 121.8%
South Carolina 60,220,000 54,667,000 110.2%
South Dakota 1,168,204,000 940,828,000 124.2%
Tennessee 246,530,000 169,304,000 145.6%
Texas 506,370,000 418,230,200 121.1%
Utah 12,229,000 13,372,000 91.5%
Virginia 96,551,000 78,199,800 123.5%
Washington 138,760,000 179,743,800 77.2%
West Virginia 7,138,000 5,066,600 140.9%
Wisconsin 589,602,000 560,551,200 105.2%
Wyoming 20,184,000 18,357,800 109.9%
Other States 91,417,000 NA NA

Barley Production
State 2014/15
Production
Prior 5-year Average % of 5-year Average   2015/16
Production
Prior 5-year Average % of 5-year Average
US Total 176,794,000 199,473,400 88.6%
Alaska 217,000 172,000 126.2%
Arizona 4,000,000 6,350,400 63.0%
California 1,825,000 3,919,000 46.6%
Colorado 6,696,000 8,227,200 81.4%
Delaware 2,666,000 2,243,600 118.8%
Idaho 47,940,000 49,970,000 95.9%
Kansas 350,000 371,400 94.2%
Maine 816,000 815,200 100.1%
Maryland 3,465,000 3,250,400 106.6%
Michigan 371,000 457,800 81.0%
Minnesota 3,120,000 4,745,000 65.8%
Montana 44,660,000 38,394,000 116.3%
New York 376,000 455,600 82.5%
North Carolina 1,065,000 1,050,800 101.4%
North Dakota 35,845,000 49,156,000 72.9%
Oregon 1,500,000 2,919,200 51.4%
Pennsylvania 3,550,000 3,601,800 98.6%
South Dakota 884,000 790,400 111.8%
Utah 1,660,000 2,208,600 75.2%
Virginia 2,212,000 3,807,200 58.1%
Washington 6,300,000 9,403,000 67.0%
Wisconsin 752,000 1,039,200 72.4%
Wyoming 6,741,000 6,297,600 107.0%

Corn Production
State 2014/15
Production
Prior 5-year Average % of 5-year Average   2015/16
Production
Prior 5-year Average % of 5-year Average
Alabama 45,315,000 31,364,000 144.5%
Arizona 5,880,000 5,954,000 98.8%
Arkansas 99,110,000 95,480,000 103.8%
California 15,675,000 31,602,000 49.6%
Colorado 147,460,000 154,220,000 95.6%
Delaware 33,600,000 23,986,200 140.1%
Florida 5,400,000 4,897,200 110.3%
Georgia 52,700,000 53,535,000 98.4%
Idaho 16,000,000 21,261,000 75.3%
Illinois 2,350,000,000 1,865,120,000 126.0%
Indiana 1,084,760,000 860,724,000 126.0%
Iowa 2,367,400,000 2,191,070,000 108.0%
Kansas 566,200,000 501,510,000 112.9%
Kentucky 225,940,000 174,022,000 129.8%
Louisiana 71,370,000 87,014,000 82.0%
Maryland 75,250,000 54,483,000 138.1%
Michigan 355,810,000 324,040,000 109.8%
Minnesota 1,177,800,000 1,281,630,000 91.9%
Mississippi 89,725,000 110,155,000 81.5%
Missouri 628,680,000 369,232,000 170.3%
Montana 7,500,000 5,595,800 134.0%
Nebraska 1,602,050,000 1,500,990,000 106.7%
New Jersey 12,403,000 9,867,000 125.7%
New Mexico 9,360,000 8,840,000 105.9%
New York 100,640,000 87,288,000 115.3%
North Carolina 102,960,000 91,596,000 112.4%
North Dakota 313,720,000 296,536,000 105.8%
Ohio 610,720,000 529,944,000 115.2%
Oklahoma 42,630,000 34,400,000 123.9%
Oregon 7,410,000 8,589,000 86.3%
Pennsylvania 158,620,000 128,982,000 123.0%
South Carolina 32,760,000 33,296,000 98.4%
South Dakota 787,360,000 654,752,000 120.3%
Tennessee 141,120,000 93,601,000 150.8%
Texas 294,520,000 230,456,000 127.8%
Utah 4,480,000 4,502,400 99.5%
Virginia 50,750,000 39,122,000 129.7%
Washington 23,650,000 24,725,000 95.7%
West Virginia 5,364,000 3,939,200 136.2%
Wisconsin 485,160,000 461,278,000 105.2%
Wyoming 8,280,000 7,741,200 107.0%
Other States 76,915,000 NA NA
US Total 14,215,532,000 12,497,340,000 113.7%

Oat Production
State 2014/15
Production
Prior 5-year Average % of 5-year Average   2015/16
Production
Prior 5-year Average % of 5-year Average
US Total 69,684,000 69,830,600 99.8%
Alabama 975,000 794,000 122.8%
Alaska 57,000 56,000 101.8%
Arkansas 720,000 634,200 113.5%
California 1,000,000 2,005,000 49.9%
Colorado 540,000 679,000 79.5%
Georgia 1,080,000 1,006,000 107.4%
Idaho 1,230,000 1,215,000 101.2%
Illinois 2,000,000 1,560,000 128.2%
Indiana 740,000 497,400 148.8%
Iowa 3,520,000 4,351,000 80.9%
Kansas 840,000 1,089,000 77.1%
Maine 2,170,000 1,739,400 124.8%
Michigan 2,760,000 2,621,000 105.3%
Minnesota 7,875,000 8,819,000 89.3%
Missouri 845,000 490,000 172.4%
Montana 1,104,000 1,206,400 91.5%
Nebraska 1,600,000 1,473,200 108.6%
New York 2,520,000 3,294,400 76.5%
North Carolina 1,139,000 1,057,000 107.8%
North Dakota 7,665,000 7,265,000 105.5%
Ohio 2,457,000 2,685,000 91.5%
Oklahoma 380,000 297,600 127.7%
Oregon 1,530,000 1,781,000 85.9%
Pennsylvania 3,480,000 3,944,000 88.2%
South Carolina 620,000 668,400 92.8%
South Dakota 9,300,000 6,070,000 153.2%
Texas 1,710,000 2,342,000 73.0%
Utah 207,000 280,200 73.9%
Virginia 234,000 194,600 120.2%
Washington 350,000 317,800 110.1%
Wisconsin 8,680,000 8,975,000 96.7%
Wyoming 413,000 479,000 86.2%
Other States 10,030,000 NA NA

Sorghum Production
State 2014/15
Production
Prior 5-year Average % of 5-year Average   2015/16
Production
Prior 5-year Average % of 5-year Average
US Total 432,575,000 315,370,000 137.2%
Arizona 800,000 892,000 89.7%
Arkansas 16,005,000 7,253,000 220.7%
Colorado 8,400,000 5,586,000 150.4%
Georgia 943,000 1,648,400 57.2%
Illinois 2,226,000 2,173,200 102.4%
Kansas 199,800,000 150,100,000 133.1%
Louisiana 8,928,000 9,583,800 93.2%
Mississippi 8,400,000 2,948,400 284.9%
Missouri 7,373,000 3,351,600 220.0%
Nebraska 13,120,000 8,263,000 158.8%
New Mexico 2,520,000 2,211,600 113.9%
Oklahoma 17,360,000 9,254,000 187.6%
South Dakota 9,450,000 9,405,000 100.5%
Texas 137,250,000 102,700,000 133.6%
Other States 1,770,000 NA NA

Soybean Production
State 2014/15
Production
Prior 5-year Average % of 5-year Average   2015/16
Production
Prior 5-year Average % of 5-year Average
US Total 3,968,823,000 3,237,888,800 122.6%
Alabama 19,000,000 13,937,000 136.3%
Arkansas 160,500,000 127,424,000 126.0%
Delaware 8,784,000 6,720,000 130.7%
Florida 1,591,000 884,800 179.8%
Georgia 11,600,000 8,563,600 135.5%
Illinois 547,680,000 435,478,000 125.8%
Indiana 307,440,000 251,665,000 122.2%
Iowa 505,730,000 459,486,000 110.1%
Kansas 142,560,000 124,983,000 114.1%
Kentucky 84,000,000 62,988,000 133.4%
Louisiana 80,085,000 43,985,600 182.1%
Maryland 23,230,000 19,036,000 122.0%
Michigan 92,020,000 85,136,000 108.1%
Minnesota 305,340,000 294,170,000 103.8%
Mississippi 114,400,000 80,572,000 142.0%
Missouri 260,400,000 198,236,000 131.4%
Nebraska 288,900,000 250,162,000 115.5%
New Jersey 4,532,000 3,254,400 139.3%
New York 14,715,000 12,784,200 115.1%
North Carolina 69,200,000 50,453,000 137.2%
North Dakota 202,515,000 134,744,000 150.3%
Ohio 254,100,000 217,803,000 116.7%
Oklahoma 10,295,000 8,305,600 124.0%
Pennsylvania 29,645,000 22,995,000 128.9%
South Carolina 15,400,000 10,980,600 140.2%
South Dakota 229,950,000 162,668,000 141.4%
Tennessee 74,060,000 54,339,000 136.3%
Texas 5,390,000 3,462,200 155.7%
Virginia 25,675,000 20,918,000 122.7%
West Virginia 1,326,000 827,800 160.2%
Wisconsin 78,760,000 70,927,000 111.0%
Other States 2,702,000 NA NA

Wheat Production
State 2014/15
Production
Prior 5-year Average % of 5-year Average   2015/16
Production
Prior 5-year Average % of 5-year Average
US Total 2,025,651,000 2,150,467,600 94.2%
Alabama 15,525,000 11,498,000 135.0%
Arizona 8,692,000 9,210,000 94.4%
Arkansas 24,885,000 23,249,000 107.0%
California 17,025,000 39,460,000 43.1%
Colorado 89,812,000 78,668,800 114.2%
Delaware 5,400,000 4,472,000 120.8%
Florida 390,000 604,400 64.5%
Georgia 11,270,000 11,734,000 96.0%
Idaho 93,717,000 105,385,600 88.9%
Illinois 44,890,000 41,104,000 109.2%
Indiana 25,460,000 24,042,000 105.9%
Iowa 735,000 782,400 93.9%
Kansas 246,400,000 343,490,000 71.7%
Kentucky 36,210,000 27,589,000 131.2%
Louisiana 9,300,000 11,652,000 79.8%
Maryland 17,500,000 12,318,000 142.1%
Michigan 35,890,000 41,925,000 85.6%
Minnesota 66,468,000 77,063,600 86.3%
Mississippi 12,470,000 14,428,000 86.4%
Missouri 42,920,000 35,130,000 122.2%
Montana 209,470,000 192,300,000 108.9%
Nebraska 71,050,000 60,230,000 118.0%
Nevada 1,050,000 1,055,000 99.5%
New Jersey 1,325,000 1,366,400 97.0%
New Mexico 2,940,000 4,049,000 72.6%
New York 5,985,000 6,231,000 96.1%
North Carolina 44,660,000 35,148,000 127.1%
North Dakota 347,068,000 309,418,200 112.2%
Ohio 40,330,000 46,800,000 86.2%
Oklahoma 47,600,000 105,590,000 45.1%
Oregon 44,444,000 59,856,200 74.3%
Pennsylvania 9,750,000 8,811,000 110.7%
South Carolina 11,440,000 9,722,000 117.7%
South Dakota 131,260,000 107,142,600 122.5%
Tennessee 31,350,000 21,364,000 146.7%
Texas 67,500,000 79,270,000 85.2%
Utah 5,882,000 6,380,800 92.2%
Virginia 17,680,000 14,158,000 124.9%
Washington 108,460,000 145,298,000 74.6%
West Virginia 448,000 299,600 149.5%
Wisconsin 16,250,000 18,332,000 88.6%
Wyoming 4,750,000 3,840,000 123.7%

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

For additional information, contact Max Fisher, NGFA Director of Economics and Government Relations at 202-289-0873.

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